韩研发支出占GDP比重G20中最高

中国发展网2018-9-20 19:25:54
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www.TL.cm,Againstthebackdropofrelativelyweakglobaleconomicgrowthandmuchchallengedglobalgovernance,theDonaldTrumpadministrationintheUnitedStateshassetan"exclusive"economicagendaof"AmericaFirst"and"MakeAmericaGreatAgain".Thesupposedoppositiontofreetradeandthusglobalizationbytheworld'sbiggesteconomycouldalteritsrelationshipswithChina,AustraliaandNewZealand,andchangethewayinternationalinstitutionsfunction.Besides,theEuropeanUnionisfacedwithuncertainties,especiallyonthepoliticalfront.AndtheUnitedKingdomofficiallystartedthe"Brexit"processonWednesday,castingashadowovertheleadershipandgovernanceoftheEuropeanUnion.Ontheotherhand,AustraliaandNewZealand,likeChina,aretryingtointensifyreforms,whichshouldmotivatethemtodeepentheircooperationwithChina,achampionoffreer,moreinclusivetradeandanimportanttradepartnerofAsia-Pacificeconomies.ThetradevolumebetweenChinaandAustralialastyearwas$107.8billion,almosttriplethatbetweenAustraliaandtheUS.TheChina-AustraliaFTA,whichcameintoeffectin2015-butwillbefullyfunctionalin2019-hastakenbilateraltradeandinvestmenttonewheights.AsbothsidesbegintoenjoythedividendsoftheFTA,theyshouldalsowelcometheideaofacceleratingtheconstructionofafreetradezone.Inkedin2008,theChina-NewZealandFTAwasthefirstFTAdealChinasignedwitha"Western"developednation.Ithasledtoanannualincreaseofatleast15percentinbilateraltrade,addingfreshmomentumtotheircomprehensivestrategicpartnership.AndChinaandNewZealandwillstarttalkstoupgradetheirfreetradeagreement,whichcoversservicetrade,e-commerceandagriculturalcooperation.ThetwocountriesonLi'sitinerarywerealsoveryimportantpointsonthe21stCenturyMaritimeSilkRoad,whichisonepartoftheChina-ledBeltandRoadInitiative.ThefocusoftheBeltandRoadInitiative,proposedbyPresidentXiJinpingin2013,isinfrastructure-basedconnectivity,whichhappenstobeinlinewiththedomesticambitionsofAustraliaandNewZealand.Canberraissuedaplanin2015fordevelopingNorthAustraliainthenexttwodecades,andlastyearitreleaseda15-yearplanforimprovinginfrastructurenationwide.Wellington's2015infrastructureplan,too,containslong-termgoalssuchasattractingmoreinvestmentandstreamliningmanagementandfeasibilityresearch.Inthiscontext,thetwocountrieshaveeveryreasontoparticipateintheBeltandRoadprogramsandworkcloselywithChina,whichhasarichexperienceofexecutinginfrastructureprojectsoverseas.SoLi'svisitisatimelyboostforthecountries'cooperationontheinitiative.TheauthorisaresearcherattheNationalInstituteofInternationalStrategyoftheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences.Thetroubled-plaguedSamsungGalaxyNote7,nowwithdrawnfromsales,usedtobeoneoftheSouthKoreangroup'smostsought-aftersmartphonemodels.[Photo/Agencies]China'scellphoneshipmentsincreasedto560millionslastyear,up8percentyear-on-year,accordingtodatafromtheChinaAcademyofInformationandCommunicationsTechnology.Thedatafromtheacademy,affiliatedtotheMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnology,alsoshowChineseconsumersarelikelytoreplace400millionto500millioncellphonesayear,addingtotheexistingheapofabout1billiondiscardedcellphones.Instarkcontrast,therecyclingrateofcellphonesislessthan2percent.Abluebookonelectronicsconsumption,issuedbyShanghai'sHorizonResearchConsultancyGroupin2015,says65.4percentofconsumerschoosetodiscard,butnotrecycle,theiroldelectronicdevices.Ifdigitalwasteisnotrecycledorappropriatelydisposedof,itcoulddamagetheenvironment.Evenduringthemanufacturingprocessofsmartphones,somevolatilematerialslikelead,cadmium,mercuryandothermetals,ifnottreatedproperly,couldharmtheecosystemandhumanhealththroughsoilandwatercontamination.Andtheplasticcasesofdigitaldevicesreleasetoxic,evencarcinogenic,fumeswhentheyareburned.However,discardedelectronicdevices,includingcellphones,canbeturnedintousefulitems.Recently,theTokyoOrganisingCommitteeoftheOlympicandParalympicGamesannouncedaplantorecyclediscardedelectronicdevices,includingcellphones,andextractthemetalsfromthemtomakemedalsforthe2020Olympics.Somecellphonecomponentshavevaluablemetalsthatarecostlierthanevengoldandsilverore.TheAppleEnvironmentalResponsibilityReport2016saidinfiscalyear2015,Applegeneratedapproximately13.1millionpoundsofwaste,anddivertedover22.5millionpoundsofmaterialsfromlandfillthroughrecyclingandcomposting.However,thecostofrecyclingcellphonesishigh,notonlyintermsofmoneybutalsootherfactors.Themostimportantfactorispersonalprivacyandinformationsecurity.AccordingtotheChinaAcademyofInformationandCommunicationsTechnology,inJanuarythisyearthedomesticshipmentofsmartphonesreached45.03million,accountingfor96percentofthetotalshipmentofcellphones.Smartphonesarepopularnotjustbecausepeopleusethemtocallorreceivecallsandsendorreceivemessages,butalsobecausetheyneedthemtokeepintouchwiththeircontactsonWeChat,useAlipay,conductcellbankingoperationsandbrowsetheinternet.Andsinceusershavetoinputalotofpersonalinformationintothecellphonestocarryouttheseoperations,theyarereluctanttohavethemrecycledastheyfeartheirpersonalinformationcouldbeleakedandmisusedbyunscrupulouspeople.Thesecondfactorthatmakescellphonerecyclingdifficultisthelackofenoughandregularrecyclingchannels.ForiPhone,iPadandiMacusers,forexample,theonlyavailablechannelforrecyclingisApplestores.Theotherfactoristhatthemoneyusersgetinexchangeforhandingovertheircellphonestoregisteredrecyclingagentsisnotenoughtooffsettheriskoftheirpersonalinformationbeingmisused.Somostusersprefertokeepthediscardedsmartphonesathome.Besides,regularrecyclingofcellphonesmostlyinvolvesdismantlingthedevicesandextractingfromthemmetalsandparts,whosevaluemaynotbeworththecostofrecycling.Thisimbalanceintherecyclingmarketisperhapsthegreatestreasonwhyahugepercentageofthediscardedcellphonesisnorecycled.Onlywhenthefactorsareaddressedcantherecyclingofthecellphonesbeeffectivelyimplemented.TheauthorisawriterwithChinaDaily.zhangyuchen@chinadaily.com.cnBEIJING-China'seconomyislikelytogrowby6.8percentyearonyearinthefirstquarteroftheyearasproductionactivitiesandinvestmentpickedup,accordingtoaChinesegovernmentthinktankreportWednesday.Thefirmingtrendinthefourthquarterlastyearhascontinuedintothefirstquarterof2017,accordingtotheNationalAcademyofEconomicStrategy(NAES),citingahugeriseinfactory-gateprices,reboundingcorporateprofitsandincreasingimports.Consumerpriceswillriseby1.4percentinthefirstthreemonthsofthisyear,accordingtoNAES,whichisaffiliatedtotheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences."Despitedownwardpressure,China'seconomyhasbeenoperatinginagoodstate,"saidWangHongju,aresearcherwithNAES."Thefocusofmacro-economicpoliciesshouldbeputinsupply-siderestructuralreformstoboostpotentialoutputinthelongrun."NAESestimatedthatChina'seconomywouldexpandby6.7percentinthefirsthalfoftheyearasindustrialproductionwaslikelytoincreasemoderatelyinthesecondquarter,whileinvestmentwouldseeslightlyslowergrowth.ConsumptionwillgrowsteadilyintheApril-Juneperiod,butitwillbedifficulttofindimprovementinexports,accordingtothereport.TheChinesegovernmenttrimmedits2017growthtargettoaround6.5percent,thelowestinaquarterofacentury.ThereportsaidtheChinesegovernmentshouldguardagainstrisksinthepropertyandfinancialsectorsbyproperlymanagingmonetaryandlandsupply"floodgates."Tocurbexcessivegrowthinhousepricesincertaincities,exceptforpurchaserestrictions,thegovernmentshouldalsoworktoimprovemarketsupplyandkeepmonetaryexpansionundercontrol,accordingtothereport.我主政县区工作的十余年中,基本上没有参加过自己所在党支部、党小组的组织生活,基本上没有亲自去交纳过党费。

综上,从东道国层面来看,不论是经济因素还是制度因素,国有企业的投资额与绝大部分指标呈负相关,说明国有企业对外直接投资面临的局面很不稳定,风险较大,不同机构衡量的相关指标均验证了这一点,而自然资源呈正相关,说明国有企业对外直接投资自然资源的导向性,说明国有企业或国家为了追逐廉价的自然资源,选择承担风险;从双方关系来看,国有企业的对外投资额与政治关系、经济关系、地理关系均为正相关,说明国有企业在对外直接投资中更多的是作为国家政策的执行者,而国家政策的制定考虑更多的双方的政治关系、经济关系,对东道国的经济政治制度考虑较少。春节过后,国家旅游局继续紧盯扰乱市场秩序的重点问题,联合公安部、工商总局,在全国范围内对旅游重点地区的重点问题组织开展重点整治的“春季行动”,掀起了新一轮旅游市场秩序整顿风暴。Peopleattendthe"ILoveEurope"marchwhichwascalledtocelebratethe60thanniversaryoftheTreatyofRomeinWarsaw,Poland,onSaturday.[Photo/Agencies]Citingdata,someBelgianmediaoutletshavereportedthatChineseinvestorsinBelgiumhavecreatedupto18,500jobsforlocalresidents.AndonaverageoneChineseinvestorhascontributed1million($1.08million)inrevenue,reflectingthehighproductivityandprofit-makingcapabilityofChineseinvestment.SomeCentralandEasternEuropeancountriesarefacinglaborshortagespartlybecauseofgrowingChineseinvestmentinmanufacturingandtheendofEuropeanUnion'seconomicstagnation.Inthepastfiveyears,Huawei,forexample,hascreatedupto12,000jobsintheEU.Lastweek,BelgiumandHungarybecamefull-timemembersoftheChina-ledAsianInfrastructureInvestmentBank,whichmeansone-thirdofthebank's70membersarefromEurope.AndthedevelopmentpathoftheAIIBsuggestscooperationamongmemberswilldeepentobringAsia,EuropeandAfricacloser.ButdespitetheEUmarkingits60thanniversary,itsleadersareinasombermood,asEuropeanCommissionPresidentJean-claudeJunckerputit,becauseoftheUnitedKingdombeginningtheformalprocesstoleavetheEUandtheuncertaintiescreatedbytheUnitedStatesadministrationunderPresidentDonaldTrump.AftertheEC'srecentdecisiontoassessChina'sinvestmentactivitiesintheEUmorestrictly,somemembersoftheEuropeanParliamenthavealsoproposedthatforeigninvestmentinEuropeshouldbecloselymonitoredin"strategicsectors"suchasenergy,waterandtelecommunications.ManyobserverssaythemoveistargetedatChina,whereEUbusinesses,accordingtoEuropeanpoliticians,don'thavethesameaccessthatChineseenterprisesdoinEurope.ThepoliticiansevenclaimthatEUinvestmentinChinaisfalling.Thefactis,Europeaninvestors,alongwithotherforeigninvestors,arenowbeingtreatedonparwithdomesticinvestorsinChinaafterhavingenjoyedpreferentialtreatmentforthreedecadessincethebeginningofreformandopening-up.AndsincetheEU'saccumulatedinvestmentinChinaisalreadyhuge,itisnaturalforittomaintainthatlevelorevenfallslightly.Asfarasexpandingbusinessandinvestmentoverseasisconcerned,EuropeisanoldhandwhileChinaisanewcomerifonegoesbythetwosides'tradinghistory.Giventhefacts,perhapsthisistherighttimeforChinaandtheEUtodiscusstradedifferencesandmakepolicydecisions.TheunderstandinginBrusselsnowisthatBeijingispromotingglobalizationandtheworldneedstosupportit.Aspartofitscommitmenttoglobalization,Chinahasbeenencouragingoverseasinvestmentandofferingpublicgoods.However,despiteitshistoryofstrengtheningregionalintegration,theEU,manysuspect,isshowingsignsofresortingtoprotectionismostensiblytoprotectEuropeanenterprisesandproducts.It'sanothermatter,though,thatmanyEuropeanbusinessesandmemberstatesdon'tsupportit.AdvocatingglobalizationisnottheresponsibilityofChinaalone.TheEUandtheUSandotherglobalplayersshouldpromoteglobalizationmoreintenselythanChina.TheChina-EUpartnershipisunique,astheyworkmorecohesivelyduringhardtimes,butnotnecessarilyduringnormaltimes.AcarefulexaminationoftheinteractionsandexchangesbetweenBeijingandBrusselsduringtheglobalfinancialanddebtcriseswillprovethecontention.Howevertruethatmaybe,thepriorityfortheEUnowistotakeswift,decisiveandstrategicmeasurestoidentifynewareas-China'sgrowinginvestmentforexample-tohelptheBrussels-Beijingpartnershiptoovercometheodds.Moreimportantly,theEUshouldrealizethattakingahardlineagainstChineseproductsandinvestmentatthiscriticaltimewouldbeabigmistake.Thereasonissimple:morejobsandbetterlivelihoodswillmakemoreEuropeans,especiallythoseyouthsstrugglingtoearnadecentliving,havemoreconfidenceintheEUasaneconomicunion.TheauthorisdeputychiefofChinaDailyEuropeanBureau.fujing@chinadaily.com.cn(责任编辑:董文博)中国网汽车转载此文目的在于传递更多信息,不代表本网的观点和立场。

[新西兰行程:会见新西兰总督雷迪与新西兰总理英格利希会谈参观中新合作项目会见中新关系促进委员会成员会见新西兰工党领袖利特尔成果:签订多份备忘录文件,宣布中新旅游年,同意加强卫生等多领域交流项目。”优护家联合创始人、前微软“小冰”高级产品经理赵帅说。可栏目上会出现陈凯先的名字,要征求他本人意见啊!“去年已经让这位科学大腕受了‘惊吓’,他会不会将记者拒之门外?”记者心里十分担忧。而9名滞留朝鲜的马来西亚公民也会获准离境。

你是否有较严格的自律及掌握基本的与人沟通的技巧?无论是自住还是出租,自己是房主了,都要和各种人打交道:经纪人,贷款人,律师,会计师,政府工作人员,房屋维护保养人员乃至邻居及房客。改革是由问题倒逼产生,又在不断解决问题中深化,这就要求我们坚持问题导向,奔着问题去,跟着问题走,哪里出现新问题,改革就跟进到哪里。SeniorDigitalEditorJobDescription:1.Reviewcopyandcorrecterrorsincontent,grammar,andpunctuation,followingprescribededitorialstyleandformatguidelines.2.Ensurethatallcopy,includingheadlines,summariesandgraphics,aresharp,currentandultra-cleanacrossallonlineplatforms,fromtheChinaDailywebsitetomobileapps.3.Buildandmanageanefficienteditorialprocessincludingtime-lines,qualitycontrol,photos,illustrationslayout.4.KeepabreastofthelatestdevelopmentsinChinaandfocusonemergingorhottopics.5.Helpbuildaudienceandreach,includingdevelopingstrategiestobestsharecontentonsocialmedia.6.WorkwithChineseeditorsandreportersonresearching,reportingandcraftingarticleswithaneyetowardoverallwritingfluency.7.ParticipateinshapingthevisionforChinaDailyWebsiteoperationsinacreative,ambitiousandopenenvironment.TheturnoverforantiqueandartauctionsinChinalastyearrose13.3percentto31.7billionyuan($4.6billion),theChinaAssociationofAuctioneerssaidonWednesday.Accordingtoabluepaperonauctionindustrygrowthlastyear,theagencysaidatotalof1,857antiqueandartauctionswereheldlastyearnationwide.HanTao,vicepresidentoftheassociation,saidChina'sauctionindustryrecordedsteadygrowthin2016.Theturnoverofthewholeauctionindustryrose12percentto519.2billionyuanin2016,saidthepaper.Auctionsofmotorvehiclesreportedthefastestgrowth,rising124.2percentto14.5billionyuan.Inaddition,theauctionofcompanystakesandunpaiddebtsjumped46.5percentto59.4billionyuan,itsaid.

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